From Indian Creek to the Bad Axe River, a story is told about 16 settlers who were massacred during a much larger event: the Black Hawk War. In order to understand what led to this massacre, it is important to trace the history of the events that led to the Black Hawk War and the suspicions that developed between the Indians and the demands of the white settlers for their lands. What happened at Indian Creek really had very little to do with what Black Hawk and his band of Sauk and Fox Indians wanted, which was to live in peace alongside the white settlers. The events at Indian Creek focused on the arrival of settlers looking to start a new life, wanting to increase their wealth by developing farms. The return of Black Hawk to Illinois and his successful victory over the militia north of Fort Dixon on the Rock River inspired these local Potawatomie Indians to take hostile action towards these settlers along Indian Creek. The problems that arose from conflicts between the U.S. Army and the local militias culminated with the pursuit of Black Hawk and his people as they tried to move in peace to find a new home in Wisconsin. Indian Creek today provides a peaceful area for family outings, but the monuments that reflect these events still ring out with the cries of so many settlers who were killed on that warm May afternoon in 1832.