Sorry! This site requires JavaScript. Virtually nothing will work without it. Please enable it in your browser.

Below the Peacock Fan: First Ladies of the Raj

The lives of four Victorian gentlewomen are transformed when they leave the cozy confines of England for India to accompany their husbands or a brother who were appointed Viceroys of India, the crown jewel of the British Empire. Emily Eden, Charlotte Canning, Edith Lytton and Mary Curzon were well-born, cultivated women who experienced the extremes of decadence in a country gripped by poverty.

Emily Eden imagined an India of dazzling splendor but found a land of dark secrets. Charlotte Canning painted delicate watercolors while the carnage of the Great Mutiny raged. Edith Lytton feared the moral laxity and adultery of India but indulged her husband rather than restraining him. Mary Curzon, an insecure American heiress in thrall to her husband unwittingly was almost crushed by him.

Marian Fowler, “both scholarly and tart,” recounts their adventures in this classic work of colonial and women’s history.

“A marvelous work of evocation, narrative and research… I read Below the Peacock fan with great pleasure and interest.” –Nigel Nicolson

“Fowler has skilfully woven the experiences of these women into the story of the history, social life and rampant excesses of British India. It makes for captivating reading.” –The Montreal Gazette

“Wikedly witty… in short, thorouly enjoyable.” –The Ottawa Citizen

“Highly entertaining…” –House and Garden

“Witty, pungent and boldly irreverant and totally absorbing, Below the Peacock Fan is a book to be savoured. It is a gem.” –The London Free Press

Important places

Kolkata (119)
Shimla (14)


Himachal Pradesh (27)
West Bengal (149)
Delhi (115)


India (1,945)

Other geographical areas

Ganges Delta (41)
Sundarbans (127)
Ganges Plain (285)
Indian subcontinent (2,765)
Southern Asia (3,549)